The term “Bandhani”, also known as Bandhej, is derived from the Sanskrit word bandh which means “to bind” or “to tie”. As the name suggests, Bandhani is a technique of dyeing fabric by tightly tying threads in a pattern of the design.
Bandhani is one of the oldest art forms, found even in the Indus Valley Civilization. The walls of Ajanta are adorned with paintings depicting the life of Gautam Buddha, wearing dotted Bandhani.
In today’s time, Bandhani is produced in Punjab, Sindh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat. Mothra, Shikari and Ekdali are techniques of tying the fabric. The results are called as Khombi, Ghar Chola, Patori and Chandrokhani and much more.
Every region is popular for its own style of Bandhani. The Khatri community from Saurashtra and Kutch introduced the art of Bandhani to us. Tiny knots called Bheendi are tied on the cloth forming the desired design. This cloth is then dyed in bright colors and left to dry. The time taken for drying is depended on the weather conditions, being less in summers and more in winters and rainy seasons. Because of the knots, the cloth is dyed completely except for the knotted parts. Bandhani designs are worn as salwar kameez and turbans, alike.
To make sure your bandhani retains its newness, it is advisable to dry clean it and use low heat setting when ironing.
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